The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind on January 12, 2019, gave his assent to the Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 which aims to provide reservation in public employment and higher education to economically weaker sections in the general category.
The Rajya Sabha had passed the Constitution 124th (Amendment) Bill, 2019 that seeks to provide 10 percent reservation in jobs and educational institutions to economically backward sections in the general category on January 9, 2019. The legislation was passed in the upper house of the Parliament with 165 members voting in favor of it and seven voting against.
The Lok Sabha had already given its approval to the bill a day earlier with over two-thirds of a majority, with 323 members voting in favor and three voting against. Prior to this, the Union Cabinet on January 7, 2019, had approved a proposal for the introduction of the bill. The bill extends 10 percent quota to the economically weaker sections in the general category who are not covered by any of the existing schemes of reservation.