Country Capital And Currency

 

Country Capital Currency Official Language Head of Government
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani Dari Persian; Pashto President: Ashraf Ghani
Albania Tirane Albania Lek Albanian Prime Minister: Edi Rama
Algeria Algiers Algerian dinar Arabic; Tamazight; French Prime Minister: Noureddin Bedoui
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro Catalan President: Antoni Martí
Angola Luanda Angolan Kwanza Portuguese President: João Lourenço
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s East Caribbean dollar English Prime Minister: Gaston Browne
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso Spanish President: Mauricio Macri
Armenia Yerevan Dram Armenian Prime Minister: Armen Sarkissian
Australia Canberra Australian dollar English Prime Minister: Scott Morrison
Austria Vienna Euro (formerly schilling) German Prime Minister: Sebastian Kurz
Azerbaijan Baku Manat Azerbaijani Prime Minister: Novruz Mammadov
The Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar English Prime Minister: Hubert Minnis
Bahrain Manama Bahrain dinar Arabic Prime Minister: Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka Bangla Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados dollar English Prime Minister: Mia Mottley
Belarus Minsk Belorussian ruble Belarusian; Russian Prime Minister: Syarhei Rumas
Belgium Brussels Euro (formerly Belgian franc) Dutch; French; German Prime Minister: Charles Michel
Belize Belmopan Belize dollar English Prime Minister: Dean Barrow
Benin Porto-Novo CFA Franc French Prime Minister: Lionel Zinsou
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum Dzongkha Prime Minister: Lotay Tshering
Bolivia La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial) Boliviano Spanish; Quechua; Aymara Prime Minister: Evo Morales
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Convertible Mark Bosnian; Croatian; Serbian Prime Minister: Fadil Novalic
Botswana Gaborone Pula English; Tswana President: Mokgweetsi Masisi
Brazil Brasilia Real Portuguese President: Jair Bolsonaro
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar Malay Sultan and Prime Minister: Hassanal Bolkiah
Bulgaria Sofia Lev Bulgarian Prime Minister: Boyko Borisov
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou CFA Franc French Prime Minister: Paul Kaba Thieba
Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc Kirundi; French President: Pierre Nkurunziza
Cambodia Phnom Penh Cambodian riel Khmer Prime Minister: Hun Sen
Cameroon Yaounde CFA Franc BEAC French; English Prime Minister: Joseph Ngute
Canada Ottawa Canadian Dollar English; French Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese Prime Minister: Ulisses Correia e Silva
Central African Republic Bangui CFA Franc Sango; French Prime Minister: Firmin Ngrebada
Chad N’Djamena CFA Franc French; Arabic Prime Minister: Albert Pahimi Padacké
Chile Santiago Chilean Peso Spanish President: Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria
China Beijing Chinese Yuan Mandarin Prime Minister: Li Keqiang
Colombia Bogota Colombian Peso Spanish President: Ivan Duque Marquez
Comoros Moroni Moroni Comorian; Arabic; French President: Azali Assoumani
Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville CFA Franc French Prime Minister: Sylvestre llunga
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa Congolese Franc French Prime Minister: Clément Mouamba
Costa Rica San Jose Colón Spanish President: Carlos Alvarado Quesada
Cote d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto) CFA Franc French PM: Daniel Kablan Duncan
Croatia Zagreb Kuna Croatian President: Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Cuba Havana Cuban Peso Spanish President: Miguel Díaz-Canel
Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus pound Turkish, Greek Preident: Nicos Anastasiades
Czech Republic Prague Koruna Czech President: Miloš Zeman
Denmark Copenhagen Koruna Danish Prime Minister: Mette Frederiksen
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti Franc French, Arabic President: Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean Dollar English President: Charles Savarin
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Peso Spanish President: Danilo Medina/td>
East Timor (Timor-Leste) Dili U.S. Dollar Portuguese, Tetun President: Francisco Guterres
Ecuador Quito U.S. Dollar Spanish President: Lenín Moreno
Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound Arabic President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
El Salvador San Salvador Colón; U.S. Dollar Spanish President: Nayib Bukele
Equatorial Guinea Malabo CFA Franc Spanish, Potuguese, French President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
Eritrea Asmara Nakfa Tigrigna President: Isaias Afwerki
Estonia Tallinn Kroon Estonian President: Kersti Kaljulaid
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr Amharic president: Sahle-Work Zewde
Fiji Suva Fiji Dollar Fijian, Fiji Hindi, English President: Jioji Konrote
Finland Helsinki Euro (formerly markka) Finnish, Saami Irani, Swedish President: Sauli Niinistö
France Paris Euro (formerly French franc) French, Basque president: Emmanuel Macron
Gabon Libreville CFA Franc French, Basque President: Ali Bongo Ondimba
The Gambia Banjul Dalasi English President: Adama Barrow
Georgia Tbilisi Lari Georgian, Abkhaz President: Salome Zourabichvili
Germany Berlin Euro (formerly Deutsche mark) German, Frisian president: Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Ghana Accra Cedi English President: Nana Akufo-Addo
Greece Athens Euro (formerly drachma) Greek President: Prokopis Pavlopoulos
Grenada Saint George’s East Caribbean Dollar English Head Of State: Elizabeth II
Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzal Spanish President: Jimmy Morales
Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French President: Alpha Condé
Guinea-Bissau Bissau CFA Franc Portuguese President: José Mário Vaz
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese dollar English President: David A. Granger
Haiti Port-au-Prince Gourde Haitian Creole, French President: Jovenel Moïse
Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira Spanish President: Juan Orlando Hernández
Hungary Budapest Forint Hungarian President: János Áder
Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic króna celandic President: Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
India New Delhi Rupee Hindi – 21 others President: Ram Nath Kovind
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah Indonesian President: Joko Widodo
Iran Tehran Iranian rial Persian President: Hassan Rouhani
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar Arabic, Kurdish, Modern Standard Arabic President: Barham Salih
Ireland Dublin Euro (formerly Irish pound [punt]) Irish, English President: Michael D. Higgins
Israel Jerusalem* Shekel Hebrew, Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic President: Reuven Rivlin
Italy Rome Euro (formerly lira) Italian, Catalan President: Sergio Mattarella
Jamaica Kingston Jamaican Dollar English Prime Minister: Andrew Holness
Japan Tokyo Yen Japanese Prime minister: Shinzō Abe
Jordan Amman Jordanian Dinar Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy, Unitary state, Dual monarchy
Kazakhstan Astana Tenge Kazakh, Russian President: Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Kenya Nairobi Kenya shilling Swahili, English President: Uhuru Kenyatta
Kiribati Tarawa Atoll Australian dollar Kiribati, English President: Taneti Mamau
North Korea Pyongyang Won Korean Premier: Kim Jae-ryong
South Korea Seoul Won Korean President: Moon Jae-in
Kosovo Pristina Euro (German Mark prior to 2002) Albanian, Serbian President: Hashim Thaçi
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti Dinar Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic Constitutional monarchy, Unitary state, Hereditary Monarchy
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som kyrgyz President: Sooronbay Jeenbekov
Laos Vientiane New Kip Lao President: Bounnhang Vorachith
Latvia Riga Lats Latvian President: Egils Levits
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese Pound Arabic President: Michel Aoun
Lesotho Maseru Maluti English, Southern Sotho, South African English Prime Minister: Tom Thabane
Liberia Monrovia Liberian Dollar English President: George Weah
Libya Tripoli Libyan Dinar Arabic Parliamentary system, Parliamentary republic, Constitutional republic, Provisional government
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc German Prime Minister: Adrian Hasler
Lithuania Vilnius Litas Lithuanian President: Dalia Grybauskaitė, Gitanas Nausėda
Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro (formerly Luxembourg franc) French, German, Luxembourgish Prime Minister: Xavier Bettel
Macedonia Skopje Denar Macedonian, Albanian President: Stevo Pendarovski
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy Franc French, Malagasy President: Andry Rajoelina
Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha English, Chewa President: Peter Mutharika
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit Malay, Malaysian Democracy, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy, Elective monarchy, Federal monarchy
Maldives Male Rufiya English, Dhivehi President: Ibrahim Mohamed Solih
Mali Bamako CFA Franc French President: Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Malta Valletta Maltese Lira Maltese, English President: George Vella
Marshall Islands Majuro U.S. Dolla Marshallese, English President: Hilda Heine
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya Arabic, Hassaniya President: Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian Rupee English Language, French language, Mauritian Creole Prime Minister: Pravind Jugnauth
Mexico Mexico City Mexican Peso Spanish President: Andrés Manuel López Obrador
Micronesia, Federated States of Palikir U.S. Dollar English President: Peter M. Christian
Moldova Chisinau Leu Romanian President: Igor Dodon
Monaco Monaco Euro French Principality, Constitutional monarchy, Unitary state
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Tugrik Mongolian President: Khaltmaagiin Battulga
Morocco Rabat Dirham Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic Prime Minister: Saadeddine Othmani
Mozambique Maputo Metical Portuguese President: Filipe Nyusi
Myanmar (Burma) Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative) Kyat Burmese President: Win Myint
Namibia Windhoek Namibian Dollar German, English President: Hage Geingob
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese Rupee Nepali, Bhojpuri, Maithili, Newar President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Netherlands Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government) Euro (formerly guilder) Dutch, Yiddish, English, Frisian, Papiamento President: Jan Anthonie Bruijn
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand Dollar English, Maori, new Zealand sign language Prime Minister: Jacinda Ardern
Nicaragua Managua Gold Cordoba Spanish President: Daniel Ortega
Niger Niamey CFA Franc French President: Mahamadou Issoufou
Nigeria Abuja Naira English President: Muhammadu Buhari
Norway Oslo Naira Norwegian, Bokmål, Nynorsk, Saami, North Prime Minister: Erna Solberg
Oman Muscat Omani Rial Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic Head: Qaboos bin Said al Said
Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani Rupee Urdu, English President: Arif Alvi
Palau Melekeok U.S. Dollar English, Palauan President: Thomas Remengesau Jr.
Panama Panama City balboa; U.S. Dollar Spanish President: Laurentino Cortizo
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina English, Tok Pisin, Hiri Motu Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy, Unitary state
Paraguay Asuncion Guaraní Spanish, Paraguayan Guaraní President: Mario Abdo Benítez
Peru Lima Nuevo sol (1991) Spanish, Aymara, Quechua President: Martín Vizcarra
Philippines Manila Peso Filipino, English President: Rodrigo Duterte
Poland Warsaw Zloty Polish, Kashubian President: Andrzej Duda
Portugal Lisbon Euro (formerly escudo) Portuguese President: Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Qatar Doha Qatari Riyal Arabic Head: Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani
Romania Bucharest Leu Romanian, Macedonian President: Klaus Iohannis
Russia Moscow Ruble Russian President: Vladimir Putin
Rwanda Kigali Rwanda Franc French, English, Kinyarwanda President: Paul Kagame
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean Dollar English Federation, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy, Federal monarchy
Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean Dollar English Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown East Caribbean dollar English Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy
Samoa Apia Tala Samoan, English Democracy, Parliamentary system, Unitary state, Parliamentary republic
San Marino San Marino Euro Italian Republic, Diarchy, Parliamentary system
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra Portuguese President: Manuel Pinto da Costa
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic Prime Minister: Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Senegal Dakar CFA Franc French, Arabic President: Macky Sall
Serbia Belgrade Yugoslav new dinar. In Kosovo both the euro and the Yugoslav dinar are legal Serbian, Macedonian, Romanian, Romani President: Aleksandar Vučić
Seychelles Victoria Seychelles Rupee French, Seselwa, English President: Danny Faure
Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English President: Julius Maada Bio
Singapore Singapore Singapore Dollar English, Malay, Tamil, Mandarin Chinese, Standard Mandarin President: Halimah Yacob
Slovakia Bratislava Koruna Slovak President: Zuzana Čaputová
Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenian tolar; euro (as of 1/1/07) Slovenian, Italian, Hungarian President: Borut Pahor
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands Dollar English Monarchy, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy, Unitary state
Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Somali, Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
South Africa Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary) Rand English, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa, Southern Sotho President: Cyril Ramaphosa
South Sudan Juba Sudanese Pound English President: Salva Kiir Mayardit
Spain Madrid Euro (formerly peseta) Spanish President: Del Gobierno
Sri Lanka Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative) Sri Lanka Rupee Sinhala, Tamil, English President: Maithripala Sirisena
Sudan Khartoum Sudanese Pound Arabic, English, Modern Standard Arabic Dictatorship, Representative democracy,
Suriname Paramaribo Surinamese Dollar Surinamese Dutch President: Dési Bouterse
Eswatini Mbabane Lilangeni English, Swati, South African English Monarchy, Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy, Absolute monarchy, Unitary state, Diarchy
Sweden Stockholm Krona Swedish, Finnish, Yiddish, Romani Prime Minister: Stefan Löfven
Switzerland Bern Bern French, German, Italian, Romansh President: Ueli Maurer
Syria Damascus Syrian Pound Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic President: Bashar al-Assad
Taiwan Taipei Taiwan Dollar Taiwanese Mandarin, Mandarin Chinese, Standard Mandarin President: Tsai Ing-wen
Tajikistan Dushanbe Somoni Tajiki, Persian, Russian President: Emomali Rahmon
Tanzania Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative) Tanzanian shilling Swahili, English President: John Magufuli
Thailand Bangkok baht Thai Leader: King Vajiralongkorn
Togo Lome CFA Franc French President: Faure Gnassingbé
Tonga Nuku’alofa Pa’anga Tongan, English Leader: ʻAkilisi Pōhiva
Trinidad and Tobago Port-of-Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar English President: Paula-Mae Weekes
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian Dinar Arabic President: Beji Caid Essebsi
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira (YTL) Turkish President: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Manat Turkmen, Russian President: Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
Tuvalu Vaiaku village, Funafuti province Australian Dollar English, Tuvaluan Prime Minister: Enele Sosene Sopoaga
Uganda Kampala Ugandan New Shilling English, Swahili President: Yoweri Museveni
Ukraine Kyiv Hryvna Ukrainian President: Volodymyr Zelensky
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi U.A.E. Dirham Arabic President: Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
United Kingdom London Pound Sterling English Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy, Unitary state
United States of America Washington D.C. Dollar American English President: Donald Trump
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguay peso Spanish President: Tabaré Vázquez
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistani sum Uzbek President: Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Vanuatu Port-Vila Vatu French, English, Bislama President: Tallis Obed Moses
Vatican City Vatican City Euro Italian, French, German, Latin President: Giuseppe Bertello
Venezuela Caracas Bolivar Spanish President: Nicolás Maduro Moros
Vietnam Hanoi Dong Vietnamese President: Nguyen Phu Trong
Yemen Sanaa Rial Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic Prime Minister: Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr
Zambia Lusaka Kwacha English, Tonga President: Edgar Lungu
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar English, Shona, Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Xhosa, Tswana, Venda, Chewa, Tsonga, Tonga President: Emmerson Mnangagwa
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