The Special Rhino Protection Force (SRPF) has been currently deployed across the Kaziranga National Park. The first-ever batch of 82 constables of an SRPF has been deployed in various parts of UNESCO World Heritage Site Kaziranga National Park in Assam. The force consists of 74 men and 8 women who underwent 43 weeks of training. The constables assumed their duties across the national park to protect one-horned rhino.
This is the first time a special force that has been dedicated to keeping a check on rhino poaching and related activities in the Kaziranga National Park.
From 2013, there was rampant rhino poaching in Kaziranga. In 2013 and 2014, 27 poaching incidents each year was reported. In the last 2 years, there have been 6 cases each year. In 2019, there have been three cases so far.
The Assam state forest department reported that there are 2,547 rhinos in Assam in its 2018 census.
Greater One-Horned rhinoceros and the Asian One-Horned Rhinoceros falls under the IUCN list of endangered species. A report said that about 3,000 Rhinos live in the wild, and around 2000 of which are found in Kazirnaga National Park.