Swachh Bharat Mission (G): Over 96 percent of households in Rural India actually use toilets

Around 96.5 percent of the households in Rural India who have access to the toilet use it as per the National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) 2018-19, conducted by Independent Verification Agency (IVA). The NARSS also re-confirmed the Open Defecation Free (ODF) status of 90.7 percent of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF by various districts/States themselves.

The Independent Verification Agency (IVA) presented the findings of the survey to the Expert Working Group (EWG) constituted for oversight of NARSS. The group comprised of representatives from the World Bank, UNICEF, Water Aid, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, India Sanitation Coalition, NITI Aayog, and Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation.

Key Highlights:-

1. The survey was conducted between November 2018 and February 2019 and covered 92040 households in 6136 villages across all the States and UTs of India.
2. The survey was conducted under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G).
3. The survey also covered schools, anganwadis and public/community toilets of the villages.
4. The survey used the Probability Proportion to Size (PPS) sampling methodology, which yields 95 percent accurate results. The data was collected using the Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) platform.

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